Metformin is a prescription medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It works by lowering glucose (sugar) levels in the blood, reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver, and improving insulin sensitivity. Metformin is often the first medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes, as it is generally well-tolerated with a low risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
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Improved blood sugar control: Metformin helps lower glucose levels in the blood, improving overall blood sugar control and reducing the risk of long-term complications associated with uncontrolled diabetes, such as heart disease and nerve damage.
Weight loss: Metformin has been shown to help some people with type 2 diabetes lose weight, possibly by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and decreasing appetite.
Reduced risk of cardiovascular disease: Studies have shown that metformin may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with type 2 diabetes by improving blood lipid levels, reducing oxidative stress, and improving heart function.
Reduced risk of cancer: Some studies have suggested that metformin may reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, such as breast, colon, and prostate cancer. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential anti-cancer effects of metformin.
Improved liver function: Metformin has been shown to improve liver function and reduce the risk of liver disease in people with type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).