The Incredible Truth About Many Christian Religions or Denominations?

The existence of thousands of Christian denominations can be attributed to a combination of historical, theological, and cultural factors.

One major factor is the historical development of Christianity. Over time, various groups within Christianity have developed different interpretations of scripture and theological doctrines, leading to different denominations.

But, do you know that one major reformation that has exacerbated the proliferation of Christian Denominations is the Protestant Reformation under the baton of Martin Luther, a German monk and theologian. He had several legit criticisms against the Catholic Church during the 16th century. This criticism and the reactionary after this, opens the floodgates to the proliferation of various Christian denominations.

Here are some of Luther’s criticism against the Catholic Church that you might want to ponder upon.

1. Selling Indulgences

The Catholic Church was selling indulgences, which were essentially a way to reduce the amount of punishment one would have to endure in purgatory. Luther believed that the selling of indulgences was a corrupt practice and that it undermined the true nature of repentance and forgiveness.

This is not just a corrupt practice but a perverted way of practicing spirituality. In the world of Catholicism it says, “…charity erases multitude of sins.” Think of what it can do to the materially rich and the opposite to the poor?

In the Catholic Church during the 16th century, indulgences were essentially certificates that granted a person forgiveness of sins and a reduced punishment in purgatory, which was believed to be a temporary state of suffering after death, but before entering heaven. The sale of indulgences became a widespread practice in the late medieval period as a way to raise funds for the construction of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, among other things.

So, basically, you know one of the overt intentions with this debauched religious practice.

Source: Rueters

2. Papal authority

Luther believed that the Pope did not have ultimate authority over the church, but that authority should be derived from the scriptures alone. He argued that the Bible should be the sole source of religious authority and that individuals should be free to interpret it for themselves.

Specifically, Luther took issue with the idea of papal infallibility, which is the belief that the Pope is divinely inspired and incapable of error when speaking on matters of faith and doctrine. Luther argued that this belief was not supported by scripture and that it gave the Pope too much power and authority over the church.

In addition to rejecting papal infallibility, Luther also challenged the Catholic Church’s hierarchical structure. He believed that religious authority should be based on the scriptures alone, rather than on the dictates of the church hierarchy. Luther argued that all believers should have direct access to God and should be free to interpret the Bible for themselves.

3. Biblical Interpretation

Luther rejected the Catholic belief that only the clergy could interpret the Bible and administer the sacraments. He argued that all believers should have direct access to God and should be able to interpret the Bible for themselves.

Luther’s belief in the importance of individual interpretation of the Bible was a key aspect of his theology. He believed that through personal study and reflection, individuals could come to a deeper understanding of God’s word and develop a more personal relationship with God.

In addition to advocating for individual interpretation of the Bible, Luther also challenged some of the Catholic Church’s interpretations of key biblical passages. For example, he rejected the Catholic doctrine of purgatory, which was based on certain interpretations of biblical passages, arguing that it was not supported by scripture.

Besides, that the Bible is a communal book given as gift to all. Which means, there is nothing in it that says, things should be filtered-out by the “chosen” authority before it can be handed down to common people. Only the Catholic Church do this. Maybe for some reason as to keep subjects subjugated to authority and to let them believe according to what the “authority” wants, and not necessarily what God wants.

In fact, it’s only in the Catholic Church where you’ll be very hard-pressed if you heard church authorities tell you to “read the bible” on your own.

4. The Holy Bible Localization

Luther believed that the Bible should be available in the language of the common people and not just in Latin, which was the language of the Church. This would enable everyone to read and interpret the Bible for themselves.

There is not much resistance from the Catholic Church when it come to translating the Holy Bible as they themselves knew that Latin language is a slowly dying language, and if you want more subscription to the pack, language is the sweetest spot to begin with. So, the church began translating the Holy Bible to a more mainstream language and the first of this is the Wycliffe Bible in the 14th century.

5. Justification by faith alone

Luther believed that salvation was a free gift of God and that it could not be earned by good works. He argued that justification could only be obtained through faith in Jesus Christ and that good works were the natural result of faith, but not the means to obtain salvation.

Luther argued that this view placed too much emphasis on human effort and obscured the central message of the Gospel, which was that salvation was a free gift from God. He believed that faith in Jesus Christ was the only thing necessary for salvation, and that good works were not a requirement for salvation but rather a natural outgrowth of a person’s faith.

This was based on the writings of the Apostle Paul, particularly Paul’s letter to the Romans. In Romans, Paul writes that “a person is justified by faith apart from works of the law” (Romans 3:28). Luther interpreted this to mean that a person’s salvation was based solely on their faith in Jesus Christ, and that good works were not necessary for salvation.

Adding works and sacrament to obtain salvation is seems to be a slap into Jesus’ suffering and death. Jesus caried the cross so you won’t, right?

The idea of justification by faith alone was a revolutionary idea in Luther’s time, and it sparked a major controversy within the Church. However, it has since become a central tenet of Protestant theology and is widely accepted among many Protestant denominations today.

Source: Pexels

There you are for the handfuls of elements that sparked the Protestant Reformation. There could even be more, but the ones mentioned above are major in Luther’s crosshairs of criticism that we cannot deny – are legit and ponderable.

And we are not yet talking about the Catholic’s high-rollers misdemeanors. Such as the “Top 10 Filipino Catholic Bishops and Their Scandals“. 

Again, the Holy Bible is not introduced, created nor owned by the Catholic church in contrast to what they say it is. Instead, The Bible is a collection of religious texts that were written over a period of thousands of years by various authors, many of whom were Hebrews or early Christians.

The Catholic Church played a role in the formation of the canon of the Bible, which is the official list of books considered to be divinely inspired scripture, but it did not create the Bible itself. The Old Testament, which is part of the Bible, was largely written by Hebrew authors, while the New Testament was written by early Christian authorsnot by Catholic authors.

You would even suspect that the Catholic Church has an attempt once in monopolizing the Holy Bible, but to their misfortune, some resolute reactionaries won’t allow it. This releases the bible to the rest of the world enabling others to read, write and enrich their lives through it – to the extent of putting up their own religious institution out of it. As to interpretation, some could be right, some could be wrong and some could be just plainly cunning.

In the business economy, to say it straight, competition is way better than monopoly. So, does in the religious sector.



Author's Corner

Sweet, I blame you not, for mine the fault was, had I not been made of common clay. I had climbed the higher heights unclimbed yet, seen the fuller air, the larger day. From the wildness of my wasted passion I had struck a better, clearer song, Lit some lighter light of freer freedom, battled with some Hydra-headed wrong. – Oscar Wilde

More From:





Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *




Spam? We don't like the taste of it!

You're message arrived!

We're darting towards you at the speed of


You are Subscribed!